health care  
 
All about alcoholism and drinking alcohol abuse signs and symptoms of alcoholism causes of alcoholism risk factors for alcoholism effects of alcoholism fetal alcohol syndrome moderate drinking health benefits of moderate drinking alcoholism treatment alternative therapy for alcoholism treatment effects of alcoholism on women

What're the risk factors for alcoholism?

Steady drinking over time can produce a physical dependence on alcohol. Drinking over 14 drinks a week for men or seven drinks a week for women increases the risk of developing dependence on alcohol.

It is possible to develop alcoholism with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing alcoholism. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your health care provider what you can do to reduce your risk.

The following factors can increase your risk of alcoholism:

  • Gender: Alcohol abuse is five times more frequent in men than in women. Men are more likely to be binge drinkers and alcoholics than women. However, the incidence of alcoholism in women has been on the rise in the past 30 years. Women tend to become alcoholics later in life than men.
  • Family history: Alcoholism tends to run in families. This has led researchers to conclude that a genetic predisposition to developing alcohol abuse problems may exist. The rate of alcoholism in men with no alcoholic parents is approximately 11.4 percent. For men with one alcoholic parent, the rate of alcoholism is approximately 29.5 percent. A family history of alcoholism is also seen in women, although the link is somewhat weaker.
  • Genetic factors: Some studies suggest that genetic factors, affecting the way people’s bodies process and respond to alcohol, may also influence an individual’s risk of becoming an alcoholic.
  • Cultural factors: Alcoholism is clearly more of a problem in some cultures than in others. For example, rates of alcoholism are high in Europe and the United States where alcohol consumption is common and socially acceptable. In American culture, alcohol is often used as a social lubricant and a means of reducing tension. In groups such as Mormons, Muslims, and Orthodox Jews, whose religious values prohibit drinking outside of religious services, the incidence of alcoholism is minimal. Higher rates of alcohol abuse and alcoholism are also related to peer pressure and easy access to alcohol.
  • Psychological vulnerability: Researchers have found that certain psychological factors increase an individual’s risk for alcohol abuse and alcoholism. These factors include having high self-expectations, having a low frustration tolerance, feeling inadequate and unsure of one's roles, needing an inordinate amount of praise and reassurance, and having a tendency to be impulsive and aggressive.
  • Psychiatric disorders: Researchers have found high rates of alcohol abuse disorders among people with anxiety disorders, depression, antisocial and other personality disorders, schizophrenia, and other substance abuse disorders, such as smoking and illicit drug abuse.
  • More information on alcoholism and drinking

    What is alcoholism? - Alcoholism is an addictive dependency on alcohol characterised by craving, loss of control, physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms.
    What is alcohol abuse? - Alcohol abuse differs from alcoholism in that it does not include an extremely strong craving for alcohol, loss of control, or physical dependence.
    What are the signs and symptoms of alcoholism? - People who abuse alcohol may experience many of the same signs and symptoms as people who are dependent on alcohol.
    What causes alcoholism? - D2 dopamine receptor gene increases a person's chance of developing alcoholism. Usually, a variety of factors contribute to the development of a problem with alcohol.
    What're the risk factors for alcoholism? - Steady drinking over time can produce a physical dependence on alcohol. Drinking over 14 drinks a week for men or seven drinks a week for women increases the risk of developing dependence on alcohol.
    What are the effects of alcoholism? - Alcohol depresses your central nervous system by acting as a sedative. In some people, the initial reaction may be stimulation, but as drinking continues, sedating or calming effects occur.
    What is fetal alcohol syndrome? - Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a group of birth defects caused by drinking alcohol during pregnancy.
    What is moderate drinking? - Four or five drinks may be moderate for large individuals but excessive for small or light people. The typical woman should generally consume 25 to 30 percent less than the average man.
    What're the health benefits of moderate drinking? - Moderate drinkers tend to have better health and live longer than those who are either abstainers or heavy drinkers.
    What is alcoholism treatment? - Treatment may include detoxification (the process of safely getting alcohol out of one's system), taking doctor-prescribed medications, and individual and group counseling.
    What alternative therapy is available for alcoholism? - Acupuncture may reduce anxiety and depression, which lead some people to drink alcohol. Involving a spouse in the treatment process may increase the chances of success in treatment and in staying sober after treatment.
    Why does alcohol affect women differently? - Women are effected by alcohol more rapidly because they tend to have a higher proportion of body fat than men.
    Men's health Mainpage

    Topics in men's health

    Andropause
    Atrial septal defect
    High blood pressure (hypertension)
    Low blood pressure (hypotension)
    Cholesterol
    Obesity
    Diabetes mellitus
    Alcoholism & drinking
    Balanitis
    Cryptorchidism (undescended testicle)
    Orchitis
    Epispadias
    Bladder exstrophy
    Epididymitis
    Hypospadias (birth defect)
    Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
    Vasectomy
    Micropenis
    Impotence
    Hair Loss (baldness)
    Peyronie's disease
    Phimosis
    Benign prostatic Hyperplasia
    Prostatitis
    Kidney stones
    Quit smoking
    Ventricular septal defect (VSD)


    All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005