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All about benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) causes of benign prostatic hyperplasia benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms diagnosis of benign prostate hyperplasia benign prostatic hyperplasia risk factors treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia lifestyle for benign prostate hyperplasia benign prostatic hyperplasia medications BPH alternative medicines BPH surgery BPH gentle surgical treatments when to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH surgery and medication

What're the risk factors for benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Aging - About 5.5 million American men have benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) that could warrant medical attention. Age is the major risk factor. According to a British study, only 3.5% of men in their late 40s have signs of BPH, but by age 80, 35% of men have BPH with lower urinary tract symptoms. And, according to another study, as many as 80% of men have at least some signs of BPH. Research into possible risk factors is ongoing. The problem appears to be more prevalent in the US and Europe, and may be more common in married men than single men.

Ethnic Groups - Although some studies have suggested that African American men are at higher risk and Asian men at lower risk for BPH than Caucasians, a 2000 study found no greater risk for African Americans and only a slightly lower risk for Asians. Among Caucasians in the study, men of southern European heritage were at greater risk while men of Scandinavian ancestry had a lower chance of developing BPH. (The study reported no differences in male hormones among the Caucasian groups.)

Family History - A family history of BPH appears to increase a man's chance of developing the condition. One study reported that men with BPH who had three or more family members with the condition had much larger prostate glands than men with BPH without such a family history.

Medical Conditions - Some evidence has reported a higher incidence of benign prostatic hyperplasia -- particularly fast-growing BPH -- in men with obesity, heart and circulatory diseases, and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, in any case, worsens urinary tract symptoms in men with BPH. In one study, flow rates were adversely affected by diabetes, although residual urine volumes were not significantly greater.

More information on benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

What is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)? - Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also known as benign prostatic hypertrophy, is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland that occurs in almost all men as they age.
What causes benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is probably a normal part of the aging process in men, caused by changes in hormone balance and cell-growth factors.
What are the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia? - Initial symptoms of BPH include difficulty starting to urinate and a feeling of incomplete urination. Urinary tract infections cause burning or pain during urination, and possibly fever.
How does the doctor diagnose benign prostate hyperplasia? - Patients will be asked about their symptoms and may also be asked to fill out a symptom questionnaire to let the doctor know the nature of the symptoms and how troublesome they are.
Who is associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia? - Age is the major risk factor. A family history of BPH appears to increase a man's chance of developing the condition. Diabetes, in any case, worsens urinary tract symptoms in men with BPH.
How is benign prostate hyperplasia treated? - Treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) focuses on reducing your symptoms. Treatment is based on how severe your symptoms are, how much they bother you, and whether complications are present.
What're lifestyle measures for managing benign prostate hyperplasia? - Certain lifestyle changes can help relieve symptoms and are particularly important for men who choose to avoid surgery or drug therapy. Men with BPH should avoid, if possible, the many medications for colds and allergy that contain decongestants, such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed).
What kinds of medicines are used for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treatment? - Alpha-blockers relax smooth muscles, especially in the urinary tract and prostate. They include terazosin (Hytrin), doxazosin (Cardura), tamsulosin (Flomax), and alfuzosin (Xatral). 5-alpha-reductate inhibitors are a group of anti-androgens. In other words, they block male hormones, particularly dihydrotestosterone.
What are alternative medicines for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treatment? - Some herbal medicines may be helpful, but no one should take any herbal medication or attempt to treat BPH without first consulting a physician.
What kind of surgery is available for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treatment? - An operation on the prostate will involve the removal of parts of the enlarged tissue. The most effective surgical procedures, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and open prostatectomy, are also the most invasive.
Are there other more gentle surgical treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)? - Microwave thermotherapy reduces the size of the prostate by causing cells in the centre of the prostate to die. Another endoscopic treatment, in which part of the prostate tissue is removed with laser energy.
How to choose between treatment and watchful waiting for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)? - The choice between watchful waiting and treatment usually depends on a number of factors, such as urine flow rates, prostate size, and PSA levels.
How to decide between surgery and medication for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)? - If a man opts for treatment, there are a number of choices. Medications are the best choice for patients with mild symptoms who decide to have their condition treated. Men with moderate to severe symptoms still have good choices among drugs and surgeries.
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